University of Oregon law professor and former chair of her department’s diversity committee violated university anti-racial-harassment policies by wearing blackface at her Halloween party, an investigation has found.
The professor, Nancy Shurtz, a white woman, claimed she was portraying one of her favorite authors, a black man, and that she had been unfamiliar with the term “blackface.”
Shurtz fought back Thursday, claiming the university’s 29-page investigative report released this week was filled with errors and omissions in an attempt “to publicly shame me.” In a statement, she said she had hired an attorney and noted that the university is legally prohibited from disclosing personnel matters.
An instructor at Oregon for 34 years, Shurtz entertained 25 guests, mostly law students and fellow instructors, at the Oct. 31 event in Eugene. She had announced the party in her classroom and said she would be dressed “as the title of a book.”
The professor later said her costume was inspired by Damon Tweedy, the African American author of a bestselling memoir about conflicts of race and medicine, “Black Man in a White Coat.”
Her costume included a white lab coat, stethoscope, black makeup on her face and hands, and a black Afro-style wig – although Tweedy is bald.
None of the guests confronted Shurtz about the makeup at the time, although many were stunned by it, according to investigators. Some found the sight “surreal” and others avoided “rooms where Shurtz was, declining participation in a group photo, and generally feeling like they could not say anything because they were in Shurtz's home," investigators say in the report released Wednesday.
After word spread, along with a viral photo of the costumed professor taken by an unidentified attendee, the incident sparked an uproar on campus, a public apology by Shurtz, embarrassing national headlines and some soul-searching by school officials. Students, educators and the public disagreed whether the professor’s costume was a dumb mistake or offensive mockery.
Some agreed Shurtz was trying to show her support for Tweedy, as she insisted, while others felt she should be fired. An online petition urging her termination received about 1,200 signatures.
According to the investigation, done by a Portland law firm, interviews with Halloween partygoers “unanimously revealed that nobody told Shurtz during the event that her costume was inappropriate, that it was offensive, or that she should consider removing the black makeup. In addition, all those who were interviewed conveyed that Shurtz appeared to have worn the costume in earnest and that she did not seem to understand the ramifications of her costume.”
In a statement, Oregon Provost Scott Coltrane said Shurtz’s costume “forced our campus to face some very difficult truths about racism, ignorance, and the state of inclusivity on our campus. Her costume mimicked the historic stereotype of blackface, and caused offense to many who witnessed it.”
Shurtz did not demonstrate “ill intent” in her choice of costume, Coltrane said, but her actions had a negative effect on the university’s learning environment and constituted harassment under the school’s anti-discrimination policies. Based on legal precedent, the law professor’s “discriminatory harassment” outweighed constitutional free speech protections, he said.
The university said it would not release details of any disciplinary action taken against Shurtz, who has been on paid administrative leave and is now officially back at work — but has no current assignments — the school said.
The school’s “press release and uncorrected Report act as a supremely public retaliation against me for seeking, even if clumsily, to raise issues of insufficient diversity in American professions,” Shurtz said in her Thursday response. The report “ignored the anonymous grading process, the presence of many non-students as guests, and the deceptive emails that created a firestorm in the law school.”
In her interview with university investigators, Shurtz said “she had absolutely no intention to offend or mock anyone,” according to the report, “and that she wished emphatically that someone had said something to her, particularly given that she was in her home and would have easily been able to wash the makeup off or remove her costume.”
She also “stated that she did not know the term ‘blackface.’”
WOONSOCKET – Woonsocket residents Paul and Ben Eno will be at the Harris Library, 303 Clinton St., on Thursday, Dec. 29, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m., for a free book talk and presentation.
They are best known as the father-son co-hosts of the CBS Radio and WOON 1240 Boston-Worcester-Providence drive-time show “Behind the Paranormal.”
Paul was one of the first paranormal investigators of the early 1970s, beginning while he was studying for the priesthood. His early mentors included parapsychology pioneer Dr. Louisa Rhine, Fr. John J. Nicola S.J. (technical advisor for the film The Exorcist) and legendary, first-generation “ghost hunters” Ed & Lorraine Warren. He ended up as an award-winning New England journalist and the author of five books on the paranormal and two books on history.
Ben joined his dad’s adventures in 2005 at the age of 13, demonstrating some unique insights and, at 16, becoming the youngest syndicated broadcaster in America.
If I had the money to buy it as a separate property where I could leave if it turned out to not be haunted or things got to be too much then yes...if not then no, I would hate to be stuck with a property with that kind of 'guest.'
The Leyden Historical Commission publicly offers its heartfelt appreciation and thanks to everyone who participated in Leyden’s “Ghosts and Graveyards” cemetery tours and to the following without whom this event could not have been successful. We are grateful for their time, energy, and dedication in helping us to celebrate Leyden’s rich history and to share it with the local community and beyond:
Leyden South Cemetery Association for allowing us to use the cemetery; actors Rene Bernard, Robin Neipp, Susan Howarth, Rhonda and Lew Wainshilbaum, and Levi Stone; the Leyden Police Department for its hay wagon escorts and parking management; the Leyden Fire Department for their ready willingness, even with short notice, to provide us with the fire pit; Sid Heron for providing us with his expertise, tractor and hay wagon to transport participants; Sam Allis who drove his tractor and James Adams of Meadowcrest Christmas Tree Farm for the use of his hay wagon; Debbie Bernard who created the exceptional display at the fork of Greenfield and Brattleboro Roads; JoAnn Helbig for preparing and facilitating the children’s craft table; Robin Neipp whose amazing initiative, organization, and decorating skills created the splendid seasonal setting for the event; Emily Heron-Clarke who assisted with postings on social media; Reba-Jean Pichette for providing some of the period attire; Leyden Life’s editors and layout/design person for their support and display of our poster; The Leyden Methodist Church which supports us in all our work; and Bob Hardesty for his support and who answers all our myriad questions.
We also thank the following for their generosity in providing donations for the raffle table and for refreshments: Ed and Carol Johnson, East Hyland Farm, the Four Leaf Clover, 7 South Bakery, Kringle Candle, Foster’s Supermarket, Pine Hill Orchard, Stop & Shop, and BJ’s.
Plucky Hampshire councillor Adam Carew has been boldly stepping where most mortals fear to tread – into the murky world of the paranormal. The Bordon town, East Hampshire district and Hampshire county councillor launched his new book, Ghosts of East Hampshire, at a special event at The Royal Oak in Hollywater on Sunday of last week. He told his audience of several paranormal experiences he had had himself, and ran through a number of the spectres featured in his book. The setting was well-chosen: the pub is rumoured to be haunted by the ghost of a man in blue overalls, believed to date from the 1940s, who appears in the cellar, terrifying staff. Other spectres in the long list include the ghostly figure of a monk at Tuxlith Chapel in Milland, a small boy in ragged Victorian clothes at St Mary’s Church in Bentley, unearthly footsteps at the Bordon Garrison and even Roman soldiers at Longmoor, plus the incredible 32 ghosts he claims to have unearthed in Bramshott. He told his audience the book had been three years in the making, following an invitation to talk at a local U3A?group. He realised – that, rather than his normal topics of local history or wildlife, he had been booked to talk about local ghosts. So he did some quick research – and the talk went down a bomb. After that, he started work on the book. “What I haven’t been doing for the past three years is hanging around graveyards,” he said, adding “well, I have been doing that some of the time.” “When I started writing this book I didn’t know there were so many ghosts in Hampshire. But whether you believe in ghosts or not, I hope you would agree this is a good book for Hallowe’en.” See next week’s Messenger for a review of ’Ghosts of East Hampshire’.
CHARD town centre played host to a spooktacular event last week, as the town was taken over by ghosts, skeletons and witches at the Trick or Treat Night.
The event is run annually by the Chard Town Team on Halloween and, as well as several businesses staying open late to hand out sweets to the youngsters, there was apple bobbing and face painting to give the children a fun packed evening.
Entertainment on the night was provided by the Kelly Leigh Dancers while DJ Dan kept the atmosphere buzzing with some classic Halloween themed music.
A spokesperson for the Chard Town Team commented after the event: “A big well done to the town team for the Halloween event. I hope everyone enjoyed the evening, and a huge thank you to all of the marshals and police who manned the road closure, without them we could not put these events on.”
The businesses involved in staying open late and handing out sweets to the hundreds of revellers were Spice Villa, Barrons, Razooks, CPNails, Sainsbury’s, Secret Garden, Hair Inspirations, Busy Fingers, Jans Vape, Costa Coffee, Eleos, Paul Fenton, Walk In, In the Bag, Co-op, The Choughs, Lloyds Bank, Hays Travel, Serventias, Phoenix, Natures Bowl, Springside, Co-op Travel and Tesco.
Do Catholics believe in ghosts? Absolutely! Ghosts, defined as disembodied, human spirits (as opposed to angels), are one of the ways we know about purgatory (though it is also revealed by God). Jacobus de Voragine’s Golden Legend, coming out of the great thirteenth century, became one of the most popular books of the Middle Ages. You can think of it as an earlier version of Butler’s Lives of the Saints. We tend to think of a legend as something fictitious, but legenda simply meant something to be read. Some do accuse Voragine, however, of indulging in things we would consider legendary (which may have contributed to the modern meaning of the word).
In terms of Catholic ghosts, we recognize that we have contact with those in the Communion of Saints. Not only do saints appear to us occasionally, we also have visitations of those in purgatory. I have heard a few friends recount such experiences, especially in dreams. These encounters with souls in purgatory generally entail a request for prayers.
For the entry for All Souls Day in the Golden Legend, we see a long list of such encounters with the ghosts or spirits of purgatory. Below is a selection of them (though click on the link to volume six of the Golden Legend for the complete entry; I altered some of the language to make it more readable).
Overall, these stories should remind us that we are still connected to our friends and family who have died. We really can help them and should remember them every day in prayer and should have Masses said for them.
# # # # # # #
Here follows the Commemoration of All Souls (found in volume 6)
The memory of the departing of all Christian souls is established to be solemnized in the church on this day, to the end that they may have general aid and comfort . . . as it is showed in the foresaid revelation.
And Peter Damian said that in Sicily, in the isle of Vulcan, S. Odille heard the voices and the howlings of devils, which complained strongly because the souls of the dead were taken away from their hands by alms and by prayers, and therefore he ordained that the feast and remembrance of them that be departed out of this world should be made and held in all monasteries the day after the feast of All Hallows, the which thing was approved after of all holy Church….
There was a master which was chancellor at Paris named Silo, which had a scholar sick, and he prayed him that after his death he should come again to him and say to him of his estate. And he promised him so to do, and after died. And a while after he appeared to him clad in a cope written full of arguments fallacious, and sophisms, and was of parchment, and within all full of flame of fire. And the chancellor demanded him what he was. And he told to him: I am such one that am come again to thee. And the chancellor demanded him of his estate, and he said: This cope weighs on me more than a mill-stone or a tower, and it is given me for to bear, for the glory that I had in my sophisms and sophistical arguments, that is to say, deceivable and fallacious. The skins be light, but the flame of fire within torments and burns me. And when the master judged the pain to be light, the dead scholar said to him, that he should put forth his hand and feel the lightness of his pain. And he put forth his hand, and that other let fall a drop of his sweat on it, and the drop pierced through his hand sooner than an arrow could be shot through, whereby he felt a marvelous torment. And the dead man said: I am all in such pain. And then the chancellor was all afraid of the cruel and terrible pain that he had felt, and concluded to forsake the world, and entered into religion with great devotion….
Sometimes souls are punished in the places where they have sinned, as appears by an example that S. Gregory recites in the fourth book of his Dialogues, and says that there was a priest which used gladly a bath, and when he came in to the bath he found a man whom he knew always ready to serve him. And it happened on a day, that for his diligent service and his reward, the priest gave to him a holy loaf. And he weeping, answered: Father, why do you give me this thing? I may not eat it for it is holy. I was sometime lord of this place, but after my death, I was deputed to serve here for my sins, but I pray thee that thou wilt offer this bread unto Almighty God for my sins, and know thou for certain that thy prayer shall be heard, and when then thou shalt come to wash, thou shalt not find me. And then this priest offered a week entire sacrifice to God for him, and when he came again he found him not….
As touching to that that the prayers of friends profit to them, it appears by example of Paschasius, of whom Gregory tells in the fourth book of his Dialogues, and says that there was a man of great holiness and virtue, and two were chosen for to have been popes, but nevertheless at the last the church accorded unto one of them, and this Paschasius always by error suffered [was bother by] that other, and abode in this error unto the death. And when he was dead the bier was covered with a cloth named a dalmatic, and one that was vexed with a devil was brought thither and touched the cloth, and immediately he was made whole. And a long time after, as S. Germain, bishop of Capua, went to wash him in a bath for his health, he found Paschasius deacon there. And when he saw him he was afraid, and enquired diligently what thing so great had placed so holy a man there. And he said to him that he was there for none other cause but for that he held and sustained more than was right in the cause aforesaid, and said: I require thee that thou pray our Lord for me. And know that thou shalt be heard, for when thou shalt come again, thou shalt not find me here. And then the bishop prayed for him, and when he came again he found him not.
And Peter, abbot of Cluny, says that there was a priest that sung every day a Requiem Mass for all Christian souls, and for this he was accused to the bishop, and was suspended therefore of his office. And as the bishop went on a day of great solemnity in the churchyard, all the dead arose up against him, saying: This bishop giveth to us no Mass, and yet he hath taken away our priest from us, now he shall be certain that unless he amends he shall die. And then the bishop absolved the priest, and sang himself gladly for them that were passed out of this world. And so it appears that the prayers of living people be profitable to them that be departed…..
It happened that a legate of the pope requested a noble knight, that he would make war in the service of the church and ride to the Albigensians, and he would therefore give pardon to his father which was dead. And the knight rode forth, and abode there a whole Lent, and that done his father appeared to him more clear than the day, and thanked him for his deliverance….
It is read that when a knight lay in his bed with his wife, and the moon shone right clear which entered in by the crevices, he marveled much why man who is reasonable obeyed not to his Maker, when the creatures not reasonable obeyed him. And then he began to speak evil of a knight which was dead, and had been familiar with him; and then this knight, to whom they so talked, entered into the chamber and said to him: Friend, have none evil suspicion of any man, but pardon me if I have trespassed to thee. And when he had demanded him of his state, he answered: I am tormented of diverse torments and pains, and especially because I defiled the churchyard and hurt a man therein, and despoiled him of his mantle which he wore, which mantle I bear on me and is heavier than a mountain. And then he prayed the knight that he would pray for him. And then he demanded if he would that such a priest should pray for him, or such one, and the dead man wagged his head, and answered not, as he would not have him. Then he asked of him if he would that such a hermit should pray for him, and then the dead man answered: Would God that he would pray for me. And the living knight promised that he should pray for him, and then the dead man said: And I say to thee that this day two years thou shalt die, and so vanished away. And this knight changed his life into better and at the day slept in our Lord.
Editor’s note: Though Halloween has just passed, we thought our readers would enjoy this seasonal column by Carol Feineman, editor of Gold Country’s Lincoln News Messenger.
I’ve always been a sucker for ghost stories and séances.
My favorite part of sleep-away camp was when we would call for spirits to visit as we sat in a circle around a wildly-dancing candle flame.
For the last 20 years, I’ve experienced the occasional tap on my back or a touch on my hand while alone in the kitchen or watching TV.
I’ve always been fascinated with the paranormal world and wanted to know more. But my more logical peers would tell me what appears ghostly can always be explained away by science or coincidence.
So I’ve kept quiet about the subject because I don’t want others to think I’m crazy.
That was, until 2006, when I worked at the Colfax Record and wrote a story about weird activity in our office, which was a charming old home in downtown Colfax.
Tuesdays were busy for my editorial assistant and me as it was the day before the weekly paper was printed. We had a steady stream of visitors, bringing in story ideas and photos at the last minute that just had to run the next day.
We also believed we had an extra-special visitor every Tuesday, the late editor who unfortunately had a fatal heart attack in the building a few years prior. We knew he was there because a roll of toilet paper would mysteriously appear in the toilet bowl sometime during Tuesday.
Not any other day of the week.
The late editor had a great sense of humor. We assumed that he was just trying to make us laugh and take some stress away from our long Tuesdays.
And once, when we were debating whether to run a certain story about a resident he had liked, my editorial assistant’s glasses were knocked off her face.
As in a wind blowing them off.
But there was no wind. Our windows and doors were closed. And she and I were the only ones in the office.
So I wrote about our strange activity, expecting a backlash from readers telling me to stick to real subjects. And yet we received an outpouring of letters from readers sharing their own experiences and it was fun to think about, “What if …” for the next few weeks.
Then we dealt with some timely issues and our ghost interest tapered off.
I’ve been thinking more about this subject since Beermann’s Restaurant reopened this summer in downtown Lincoln and some residents are talking about ghosts there. And it piqued my interest again in the “What if…” possibilities of ghosts roaming the three-story building.
For this week’s front-page Beermann’s story in the Lincoln News-Messenger, I looked forward to spending three nights the last two weeks to find the ghosts that many longtime Lincoln residents fondly talk about.
My friend, Sparky, told me to talk encouragingly to the spirits. Reporter Carol Percy, there to take the photos on page 1 and page 10, gave me angel protection oil.
However, the spirits didn’t find me, no matter how nicely I asked them.
But Beermann’s servers, managers, the executive chef and customers had no trouble connecting with the ghosts. That included being tapped on their backs, having their hair pulled, seeing plates break, among other pranks, when no one else was visible.
Even my husband, during his Wednesday music gig two weeks ago at Beermann’s second-floor ballroom, unexpectedly interacted with a presence. That’s when something forcibly pushed his guitar pick out of his hand and it flew halfway across the stage and boomeranged back to his feet. Jerry told the audience that had never happened before to him.
I ran to the stage where Jerry stood. Yet I didn’t see anything unusual or feel anyone trying to send me a message.
Whatever level of psychic ability I once had was gone. I was frustrated because everyone else was running into the ghostly activity, without even trying.
My third time at Beermann’s last Wednesday, customers were being tapped on their shoulders.
But again, not me.
So I gave up finding any activity and I decided to instead just listen to the last 30 minutes of the music.
And then, when my husband played the high-energy “Up Town Funk” song, I saw evidence of my first Beermann’s ghost! It was a fierce, bright and bold light that raced across the dance floor, followed by a series of smaller, softer bouncing light.
Everyone else on the dance floor saw the light and excitedly watched its movement. We all oohed and aahed when the light appeared again during the next song.
I described the lights Monday to psychic medium Cheryl Booth from Southern California, who told me the lights were definitely ghostly.
“It feels like something the spirits wanted to join in because the energy level was high. We are electro-magnetic beings when we’re here,” Booth said. “They come from a light frequency, like the rainbow. The fact that everyone was having fun, music is right-brained, it’s more close to the type of energy that attracts positive beings.”
Last week, I sent Booth photos that reporter Carol Percy and I took at Beermann’s two weeks ago. I was amazed that within 10 minutes, Booth emailed me back her observations of spirits in the pictures. Those observations were in sync with what employees told me in today’s front-page story on Beermann’s.
Booth also mentioned that, 20 years ago, individuals were afraid that others would make fun of them for seeing ghosts. But that is no longer the case, Booth indicated.
And that’s positive because we should try to learn as much as we can about the world around us, both what we can see and what we can’t see.
Maybe the next time my husband plays, the ghosts will join us upstairs for more than two dances. I like sharing the dance floor with them.
We craft haunted houses and scary decorations to evoke particular emotions. We choose our costumes to reflect something about the kinds of people we are or want to be — edgy, sexy, funny, clever. For children, Halloween is an experiment in delayed gratification and negotiation — which candies to eat now, which to trade, which to save. It's no surprise, then, that Halloween might reveal interesting features of human psychology.
But you might be surprised by just what we can learn.
In fact, there's a long tradition of using Halloween to shed light on the human mind and behavior. Consider three examples of clever studies that use this yearly event to uncover features of human morality, belief and allegiance.
In a study published in 1976, researchers observed over 1,000 trick-or-treating children as they visited houses in Seattle on the evening of Halloween. The researchers were interested in understanding the conditions that lead to "uninhibited" behavior: in this case, stealing Halloween candy or money. One of the variables they manipulated was whether the adult who greeted the children at the entrance to a house asked for each child's name and address, thereby treating each child as an identifiable individual, or instead let each child remain anonymous. Either way, the adult then instructed each child to take one candy from the table while the adult went away to "work in another room."
Unbeknownst to the children, their behavior was recorded by an observer behind a peephole. For each child, the observer recorded how many candies were taken, as well as whether the child took any money from a bowl of coins next to the candy. And take candy and money they did: About 30 percent of children took extra candy, money or both.
The researchers identified several factors that influenced the probability that a child would steal candy or money. Thefts were more likely for children who remained anonymous, who were in groups rather than alone, and who were not accompanied by an adult. There was also an important influence of peer behavior: Kids in groups were more likely to steal if the first child in their group did so.
And so it is that the simple pleasures of trick-or-treating can reveal something about the conditions that support bad behavior.
Almost three decades later, in a study published in 2004, three psychologists used Halloween to better understand how children differentiate fantasy from reality. In the study, 44 children heard about the Candy Witch at their child care center just before Halloween. The children were told that when invited to do so, the Candy Witch visits a house after Halloween to swap candy for a toy.
Half the children also received "evidence" for the existence of the Candy Witch. They "overheard" their parents call the Candy Witch to arrange a toy swap — and the next morning they found that some of their candy had been replaced with a toy.
Overall, 66 percent of the children claimed that the Candy Witch was real just after Halloween, with younger children (mostly 3-year-olds) no more likely to do so than older children (mostly 4- and 5-year-olds). However, the older children were more sensitive to the presence or absence of evidence: Those who received evidence were often fooled; those who did not were more skeptical.
These findings challenge the idea that children are indiscriminately gullible. Levels of belief were quite high, but many children were never fooled, and the older children were appropriately influenced by the presence or absence additional evidence.
As a final example, consider a paper published earlier this year in which two economists reported the results of Halloween experiments used to assess children's political preferences before the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. To do so, they set up two candy tables at a house in a liberal neighborhood of New Haven that attracts many trick-or-treaters. One table was decorated with Obama campaign props; the other with campaign props for either McCain (in 2008) or Romney (in 2012).
When children arrived to trick-or-treat, they were given one of two choices. Half the children were told that they could go to the Obama table or to the McCain/Romney table and that they would receive the same amount of candy at each table. The other half were told that they would receive twice as much candy at the McCain/Romney table. The researchers were interested in how children would choose in the first case, but also whether extra candy would be enough to sway their choice.
In both years and in both cases, a majority of the 479 participants chose the Obama table. In 2008, 78 percent of children chose the Obama table when the candy payouts were equivalent, and 71 percent did so even when the McCain table offered more candy. In 2012, 82 percent chose the Obama table when the payouts were equivalent, and 78 percent did so even when the Romney table offered more candy.
These results suggest a pretty robust political preference, even among young children (some as young as 4). They also suggest that a candy incentive wasn't enough for most children to switch their preference. Interestingly, though, the older children (9 and older) were more willing to shift their choice for greater candy. It's unclear whether this reflected a weaker political preference or a better appreciation for the extra value of the candy, and the otherwise relatively inconsequential nature of the table choice.
Fast-forwarding to this election cycle, the findings suggest that even young children are likely to be feeling the power of political allegiances in their homes and communities, and that even a symbolic gesture (which table to choose) has personal value — at least the value of one or two pieces of Halloween candy.
These three examples of Halloween research — and they aren't the only ones out there — suggest some clever ways in which we can learn about human psychology from this yearly tradition. They also put a new spin on the "trick" in trick-or-treat — you might just think twice about what's governing your choices and beliefs this Halloween, just in case the trick's on you.
Tania Lombrozo is a psychology professor at the University of California, Berkeley. She writes about psychology, cognitive science and philosophy, with occasional forays into parenting and veganism. You can keep up with more of what she is thinking on Twitter: @tanialombrozo
Each year, Dianne lets her teenage son attend a Halloween event with friends at a local theme park.
But this year seemed different, she explained in a letter sent to the Christian Broadcast Network.
Rumor had it, she wrote, that the theme park was going to have a haunted house “based on Satan and demons.” But this wasn’t just any rinky-dink production put on by neighborhood high school kids. There would also be “girls” in suggestive demonic attire selling “drinks” and even listening to techno music, wrote the mother, who identified herself only as “Dianne.”
Acts of Faith newsletter Conversations about faith and values. Sign up As if that wasn’t bad enough, she explained, a “demon DJ” would be in attendance — one who planned to do use his electro-magic dubstepping wizardry to “encourage people to dance.”
“I know my son is a good boy, and he will be disappointed if I don’t let him go,” she wrote. “How can I make him understand that keeping him away is the best thing for him?”
[What’s scarier than a haunted house? At Judgement House, it’s eternal damnation.]
The answer, according the anti-Halloween crusader known as the Rev. Pat Roberston, is simple: “Tell him the truth.”
“Explain to him who the devil is,” Robertson said on his program, “The 700 Club.” “Explain to him the devil wants to destroy you. The devil seeks who he may devour. He’s out to kill you and he’s going to put everything nice in your way that’s going to seem like fun.”
“The answer is, mother, don’t let you babies to grow up to be demon worshipers, if I can quote from Willie Nelson,” he added. “Don’t let them do it. That’s just the way it is.”
This is hardly the first time that the conservative televangelist has attacked Halloween. The 86-year-old former Southern Baptist minister — who once blamed the 2010 Haitian earthquake on a “pact to the devil” — adds new verses to his epic rant against Oct. 31 almost every year.
“That’s the day when millions of children and adults will be dressing up as devils, witches, and goblins … to celebrate Satan,” Robertson said on “The 700 Club” in 2015. “They don’t realize what they’re doing.”
Unlike last year’s attack on Halloween, Robertson recently offered a solution for parents worried about the soul-corrupting holiday.
“There needs to be alternative Halloween celebrations in churches, where they have all the games and all the fun and all the nice pretty girls and all the handsome boys and all that,” he said. “They all come together and they’re praising the lord as opposed to worshiping Satan.”
“Halloween has become a night when the devil rejoices,” he added.
Robertson is far from alone among Christian pastors who believe in encouraging alternative Halloween activities, according to a new LifeWay Research survey of 1,000 senior Protestant pastors.
The survey revealed that each Halloween, two in three Protestant pastors encourage their congregants to attend church events such as a fall festival or a judgment house.
Half of those surveyed said they tell their church members to befriend trick-or-treaters at their doors.
The survey revealed that one in 10 pastors instruct their flock to skip Halloween altogether.
“Most pastors see Halloween as an opportunity to reach out,” says Scott McConnell, executive director of LifeWay Research. “This is a time when your neighbors literally come to your doorstep. Pastors don’t want their church members to waste that chance to make a connection or invite someone to church.”
[Jimmy Kimmel takes Pat Robertson hilariously out of context
CHUNKY, Miss. — U.S. 80 was littered Tuesday with the spoils of a night that was supposed to be fun after two children and their mother died on a Halloween hayride.
A pair of shoes lay among pieces of candy on the side of the road, apparently knocked from the feet of their owner when Kristina Shaver of Chunky, Miss.; her two daughters, 8-year-old Baylie and 2-year-old Brooke; and seven other people were struck from behind as they rode on a small utility trailer. A Ford F-150 pickup struck the trailer at about 7:45 p.m. CT Monday, after dark, said Sgt. Andy West of the Mississippi Highway Patrol.
The two-lane highway has no streetlights.
Shaver and her daughters, who were dressed in Halloween costumes, died at the scene, but all of the other victims — including three children, two teenagers and an adult woman — were transported to hospitals in Meridian, about 15 miles east, and Jackson, about 80 miles west. Immediately after the crash, authorities said all were in critical condition with life-threatening injuries.
West did not know the age and gender of the seventh person injured.
The trailer, hooked up to a Jeep driven by Terry Smith, 58, of Chunky, was turning off U.S. 80 when the pickup that Chase Cook, 20, of Decatur, Miss., was driving rear-ended it, West said. Neither Cook nor Smith nor Smith's two passengers in the Jeep were injured.
"It would be inappropriate for us to speculate why the driver drove into the rear of that trailer, and we want to refrain from making any statements until the investigation is complete," West said.
Potential charges are still being reviewed, and no charges have been filed.
Contributing: The Associated Press. Follow Therese Apel on Twitter: @trex21
pickinduck: I am trying to write a song about buns for IN THE YEAR 3,000.
Jun 5, 2016 13:27:29 GMT -6
pickinduck: If we lived under water would we consider the air to be outer space?
Jul 3, 2016 14:41:48 GMT -6
sherlew99: What a fascinating concept. Well the air above would occupy an area of space. Plus the basic word "space" is just a common term that fails to include the vast, wonderful weirdness out there between all objects out beyond our world.
Jul 3, 2016 15:03:19 GMT -6
sherlew99: Have to go now. See you later.
Aug 6, 2016 11:45:04 GMT -6
sherlew99: I have to go get a little housework done. Will stop back by a bit later.
Aug 7, 2016 12:24:35 GMT -6
pickinduck: Sherlew what ya doin?
Dec 10, 2016 10:10:34 GMT -6
sherlew99: Sorry I missed your message. Don't remember precisely what I was doing that day. Was probably doing a lot of online news reading, though. The upcoming Trump administration has me worried.
Dec 21, 2016 11:58:35 GMT -6